Sunday, 1 April 2018

WORLD OF FLOPS....THE RACE IS ON !


It is 3 weeks back that Japan officially notified her intention of recruitment of 200,000 IT professionals from India.Japan also to issue green cards to them to help them settle down in that country!The live first hand feed back readily available on performance of Indian professionals deployed in almost all the developed countries in the world including Japan must have given right  impetus in reaching such a decision.Politically also India is having an excellent relation of all time high with Japan currently.  After all Indian labor-highly skillful and comparatively cheap- is good value for money for the developed and most countries of the world.

I am exposed to doing business with the Jap businessmen while in Qatar.They generally come to conclusions after very extensive negotiations and considerations unlike European or American counterparts.Definitely it is a win win situation for both the countries,I presume.

The current status that India being one of the lead countries in the world in Information Technology/computer software and related technology is not obtained by luck or accident.Thanks to selective few among the political visionaries,large number of dedicated, brainy professionals  and some of the great educational institutions of the country, India is catching up fast with the top notch in the scientific world. Here I am sharing what comes to my mind now -  how India developed the first indigenous super computer in 1991 against many odds and challenges........hardly known facts  even among young Indian professionals and others.....




A change I was longing for.....
My first job abroad was in 1977.I was 27 then.It did not last long,only 2 years before I rejoined my Govt service in India.But when I made the second sojourn, this time to Qatar in 1984, it got stuck ever since.From a career that of an engineer in civil projects, it went to other fields and levels in which I never thought I could thrive!No doubt  what the international business exposure I could gain through out my career abroad gave me is tremendous.Many years esp while in the west,nobody was aware about India more than its poverty, population explosion or rarely on Nehru or Indira Gandhi. Most of them thought Indira is daughter of Gandhi!!But it changed dramatically towards the end of the last century from my own first hand experience.

I was in Frankfurt,Germany in late 90s to visit ACHEMA.It is an international trade fair, one of the best of its kind in the world,if not the best, in chemical and Process Industries.I was on hunt of some good pump manufacturer to be represented in Qatar commercially. On my first day on my way in a taxi to reach the venue, the German cab driver asked me in broken English whether I am an Indian.But such an inquiry is just routine anywhere.His second question was a sort of an unexpected one.Instead about 'poverty in India he asked me "Are you a computer engineer?" I was glad that  Germany had already identified India with  computers .....That was in 1999.

Why India was denied a super computer?
Credit of introducing the first super computer in the world goes to Seymour Cray,an American electrical engineer.That was in 1962 and the computer was named Cray CDC 66000. Obviously the invention took the scientific world by storm.By 1985 India wanted to import a super computer from Cray Research International, a firm floated by Cray himself, mainly to boost weather forecasts more scientific that existed then in the country.

The firm was willing but the US Govt was not.More than political reasons US administration thought that India will use the super computer in the design of missiles and nuclear weapons than weather  forecasts.The Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi who made a visit to US  had to return empty handed! Russia(USSR then) too was arm twisted by US admin not to sell such a computer to India.To best of my knowledge IBM too wanted to enter India but was stopped by the US Govt.Since the super computer was built only by those two countries India did not have no other immediate option!

Have seen only picture of a Cray....but Yes, we can.......
When all efforts failed to get one imported super computer, instead of more begging India wisely thought of exploring possibilities to make one herself.In 1988 India set up Centre for Development of Advanced Computing C-DAC with Vijay Pandurang Bhatkar as its head. When the Prime Minister met him for the first time, there took place an interesting recorded conversation which I shall reproduce in verbatim.Quote
"Can we do it?"asked Rajiv Gandhi.
"I have not even seen a super computer but only a picture of the Cray.But yes, we can do it"answered Bhatkar.
"How long it will take"?
"Less than it will take us in trying to import Cray for us".Unquote.He also promised that related costs including building such a facility will cost less than a Cray!
Govt of India went ahead with the program with a very tight budget it could afford those days.



India rolls out its first super computer but....  China outsmarts all!
Within 3 years, by mid 1991 first Indian indigenous PARAM 8000 was rolled out.Most of the scientific world were even doubtful about the claim. Thats when India decided to take PARAM prototype to a major international conference and exhibition of super computers. In fact it was the second fastest of its kind in the world then, with a much lower price tag.The US company Cray had to slash the prices to be competitive!!One US newspaper gave a title for the event aptly -Denied super computer angry India does it!




India has to go a lot forward and fast in this field where China's TIANHE-2 is the fastest with a speed of 33.86 peta FLOP.FLOP stands for Floating Point operations per second,the measure of the speed of computer performance. Their version  3 is expected to be launched in 2020.China was no where in the world of supercomputers till 2000 where  as US venders like Hewlett Packard,IBM,Cray,Dell..  still keep 90% share  among the top 500 systems to date.This is excluding people like Google,Facebook,Apple,Yahoo who may have very advanced super computers which they may not reveal.....                                                   

7 comments:

  1. INTERESTING AND INFORMATIVE ARTICLE.....
    SALMAN SAYEED

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thomas Jacob :-
    Excellent, Mr.jaison. Thanks for your informative article

    ReplyDelete
  3. Wonderful and insightful anecdotal articulation Jaison Sir. I loved this informative note you have thoughtfully composed. Looking forward to the next monthly instalment.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thomas Abraham -
    You have a very wide canvas and writes very well. You have touched earlier about Japanese ladies now Japanese software angle

    ReplyDelete
  5. ‎Bsimon Simon‎ to Jaison Chacko

    Well written article on super computing in In india Jaison chetta. !!
    As I understand though initially USA denied the the super computer CRAY. , they gave a version of Cray computer to National center of Weather forecasting (NCMRWF) in 1989.
    I had the privilege of working on this computer in 1990s.
    However there was high security ...that it should not be used for military/ missile application.
    The System in India (Cray XMP/14, 1
    processor and 4 MB memory) was dedicated to the Nation at NCMRWF by the then Prime Minister of India in 1989. For carrying out operational and research activities in weather forecasting, NCMRWF always maintains the best supercomputing facility available to meteorological community in the country. After the successful implementation of Cray XMP/14, the computing facilities of NCMRWF has been updated several times. NCMRWF also procured various distributed memory systems including Indian indigenous super
    computing system PARAM and NCMRWF weather forecasting packages were ported on to these parallel processing computers. Recently a 350 Tera Flop high performance computing system and 3 Peta Byte storage has been installed at NCMRWF.

    Jaison Chacko :Thank you for showing interest in my latest article.Good to know that you have an exposure in the latest computing systems. But I really do not understand that in spite we have such facilities in weather forecast we generally fail in giving warning to common man about forthcoming calamities.While tens and hundreds ultimately perish, authorities do the blame game!

    ReplyDelete
  6. شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض https://wp.me/Pa9yzo-1QG للحشرات تعاني كل ربات البيوت من مشكلة تكاثر الحشرات ووجودها بشكل مستمر في المنزل، مما يسبب لها الكثير من القلق والإزعاج ويضعها في العديد من المواقف المحرجة أمام ضيوفها فبالرغم من نظافة المنزل ولكن عند وجود الحشرات أمام الضيوف يشعرها بأن المنزل غير نظيف، كما أن الحشرات تحمل الكثير من البكتيريا والجراثيم العدوي الفيروسية التي تسبب الأمراض .
    وتقوم بإبادتها بكل سهولة بين الأشخاص مما ينتج عنها الضرر والأمراض الذي يلحق بصحه الانسان من ما يجعلها تبحث عن الطرق التقليدية التي تساعدها في القضاء نهائيا على الحشرات المزعجة، مثل العته و الفئران والصراصير وأيضاً النمل الابيض وغيرها من الحشرات، التي تسببها الإزعاج مجرد أن تتواجد في المنزل ولكن بعد اليوم لا داعي لكل ذلك يمكنك التخلص من كل هذه الحشرات عند التواصل مع شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض ، التي تقوم بالتخلص من كافة أنواع الحشرات ومكافحه الحشرات المنزلية الضارة، عن طريق شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض التي هدفها هو مكافحة الحشرات داخل الدمام وخارجها، كما أن الشركة لديها فريق عمل متميز قادر على إبادة الحشرات نهائياً،
    والعمل على ضمان عدم عودته من مكان مرة أخرى كما أنها تحرص علي أن توفر أفضل أنواع المبيدات الحشرية، المصرح بها من وزارة البيئة والصحة و الأمنة تماماً، على صحه الإنسان وقادرة على إبادة الحشرات من المرة الأولى كل هذا وأكثر، شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض على أن تقدم كافة خدماتها لعملائها الكرام بأقل الأسعار الغير قابلة للمنافسة و التي لا تجدها إلا من خلال تعاملك مع شركة مكافحة الحشرات بالرياض تتصل بنا الآن من أجل الحصول على كل ذلك…… اقرأ المزيد

    المصدر: شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض

    افضل شركة عزل اسطح بالرياض https://wp.me/Pa9yzo-CK يتعرض سطح المنزل لعدد من الأسباب التي تؤثر بالسلب على السن الافتراضي لهذا السطح، فالأمطار الكثيفة الموسمية تسقط بكثرة بمدينة الرياض عاصمة المملكة العربية السعودية في فصل الشتاء الأمر الذي يترك تأثيره على سطح المنزل وربما ينشأ تسريب لداخل المنزل من هذا السطح، أما في فصل الصيف فأشعة الشمس المرتفعة تكون السبب في انبعاث موجة حارة داخل البيوت الأمر الذي يدفع اصحاب المنزل لتشغيل المكيفات طوال اليوم فترتفع معها تكليفات كشف حساب وقد يعطل مكيفات المنزل من كثرة التشغيل. … اقرأ المزيد

    المصدر: شركة عزل اسطح بالرياض

    ReplyDelete